Language name: ARCHI
UPSID number: 2605
Alternate name(s):
Classification: Caucasian
This language has 91 segments
Its Frequency index is 0.130674204 (average percentage of segments; 0.1: many very rare segments; 0.39: average; 0.7: many common segments)
The language has these sounds: p: ? "t: k: ph "th kh b "d g p' "t' k' "tsh tSh "ts' tS' "ts': tS': qX qX9 qX' qX9' qX': qX9': "tlFh "tlF' X X9 H h X: X9: RF RF9 9 "s S "s: S: "z Z "hlF "hlF: "lF m "n "rr "l j w kW: "tWh kWh "dW gW kW' "tsW' tSW' qXW qXW9 qXW' qXW9' "tlFWh "tlFW' XW XW9 XW: XW9: RFW RFW9 "sW SW "sW: "zW ZW "hlFW "hlFW: i "e a "o u i9 "e9 a9 "o9 u9 "tsWh tSWh SW:
Comment: Archi is spoken in mountainous areas of the southern Dagestan ASSR, in the Soviet Union. Kodzasov (1977) treats pharyngealization as a 'suprasegmental' element which can be focussed on a vowel or a uvular consonant. Particularly in the latter case it seems preferable to treat it as segmental. Originally only velar and uvular consonants (and the long lateral fricative ?) had contrastive labialization but there are now a few words with distinctive labialization on most of the dental/alveolar or palato-alveolar obstruents. The voiced lateral fricative arises from morphological combination of a lateral ejective and a dental/alveolar stop but surface contrasts occur with other laterals.
Source(s): Kodzasov, S.V. 1977. Fonetika Archinskogo Jazyka. Part 2 of A.E. Kibrik, S.V. Kodzasov, I.P. Olovjannikova, D.S. Samedov (eds.), Opyt Strukturnogo Opisanija Archinskogo Jazyka, Vol. 1, Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta, Moscow.

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