Language name: SANDAWE
UPSID number: 4902
Alternate name(s):
Classification: Khoisan, Sandawe
This language has 54 segments
Its Frequency index is 0.267225096 (average percentage of segments; 0.1: many very rare segments; 0.39: average; 0.7: many common segments)
The language has these sounds: p t k ? ph th kh b d g p' t' k' ts tsh dz ts' tlF tlF' dlF f x h s hlF m n N r[ l j w i "e a "o u hi hu ! !h g! n! !? | |h g| n| |? # #h g# n# #?
Comment: Sandawe is spoken around Sanzawa and Mtoro in north-central Tanzania. The language has two level tones plus a falling tone combining these two tones. Voiceless vowels occur only in final syllables after a limited set of consonan ts and are almost always low-toned, however not all occurrences are predictgable. Velar nasal occurs syllable finally; -nasal homorganic to a medial stop or affricate is analyzed as an allophone of the velar nasal. Clusters of /w/ with most other consonants apart from labials are frequent.
Source(s): Dempwolff, O. 1916. Die Sandawe: Linguistisches und ethnographisches Material aus Deutsch-Ostafrika. (Abhandlungen des Hamburgischen Kolonialinstituts vol. 34.) L. Friederichsen & Co., Hamburg.
Elderkin, E.D. 1982. Tanzanian and Ugandan isolates. Nilotic Studies. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Languages and History of the Nilotic Peoples, Cologne, R. Vossen and M. Bechhaus-Gerst, editors. (Kolner Beitrage zur Afrikanistik, vol. 10): 499-521.
Tucker, A.N., Bryan, M.A. and Woodburn, J. 1977. The East African click languages: a phonetic comparison. From: Zur Sprachgeschichte und Ethnohistorie in Afrika. (Neue Beitrage afrikanistischer forschungen, ed. W. Mohlig, F. Rottland, B. Heine) Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin.

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