Language name: TOL
UPSID number: 6747
Alternate name(s): JICAQUE
Classification: North American, Hokan
This language has 28 segments
Its Frequency index is 0.416059550 (average percentage of segments; 0.1: many very rare segments; 0.39: average; 0.7: many common segments)
The language has these sounds: p "t k ? ph "th kh p* "t* k* ts tsh ts* h B s m "n N "l j w i "e a "o u i_
Comment: Tol is spoken by a few hundred people in the Francisco Morazon department of Honduras. Fleming & Dennis (1977) recognize a segment described as a central semivowel (velar approximant?) which occurs only as an infix. This seems likely to be considered an allophone either of the corresponding vowel or one of the other approximants. Glottalized stops occur with laryngealized vowels in the same syllable -- an alternative analysis might posit laryngealized vowels but it appears that syllable-initial and syllable-final glottalized stops need to be distinguished.
Source(s): Fleming, I., Dennis, R.K. 1977. Tol (Jicaque) phonology. International Journal of American Linguistics 43/2: 121-127.

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